Visby was probably established the year 897. At that time big parts of Gotland were
swamp areas. The downtown ascends from the coast-line terraced up against Klinten 40 meters above sea level.
Visby enjoyed full membership in the Medieval trading organisation, the Hanseatic League (Hansa), but it wasn't the membership
that gave rise to the grandeur of Visby. Merchants on Gotland had been traders before that with contacts around the Baltic Sea, also
engaged in long-distance trading through Russian interior the long south-east way to the Christian Bysans. And it was in trading solidarity
with the farmer-merchants on Gotland. When the merchants in Visby broke away from the Gotlandic union and joined the town-based
union of Hansa, it probably led to the civil war of 1288. During the 14th century Visby lost its position as the biggest trading town for goods
to Russia and the Baltic countries. In 1350 the Great Plague came to Gotland, and only 11 years later in 1361 the Danish king Valdemar Atterdag
invided Gotland and Visby. It was in 1645 that Gotland once again became a part of Sweden.
Information about the invasion of Gotland in 1361: The invasion of Gotland.
Information about Visby town wall and why it was built: The town wall of Visby.
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