Back to King Valdemar... they accomplished the landing the 22nd of July
on the west coast of Gotland, and his plan was not to go directly with his army at the northwest coastal land of Gotland where Visby is situated. It is easy to assume that some of the soldiers
were service personnel such as spions, cooks, lumberjacks and similar. What one can also "assume" is that it was not three ships (the legend that also mention 2500 soldiers).
The royal ship Vaasa had a recommendation of 133 sailors and 300 soldiers. And it was 267 years before the Danes came. The construction technology of warships had developed a lot during
this time period. His 2000-2500 soldiers did not meet much resistance from the farmers, except for two battles in the
marshy grounds not far away from where the invading troops landed.
The second day about 800-1000 farmers died in a place called Fjäle myr in Mästerby, before
the king continued to Visby, but the graves have not yet been found, but lots of objects have been found indicating a large battle. A question: Can we guess that the dead peasants
were carried home to their farms?
The 27th of July was a huge medieval battle between the Danish elite army and the farmers, only 300 meters outside the city wall of Visby.
The farmers were badly armed, and about 1800 of the peasants met the death here, approximately 100 soldiers of king Valdemar´s army. His army also killed those who were
injured with axes and maces. All this happened only eleven years after the Black Death, or 'pestilencia' as contemporaries called these diseases, visited Sweden.
techniques the arcaeologists have found out what happened this tragic day of July 1361. Five mass graves from this medieval battle have been found outside the city wall of Visby.
The first one was excavated 1905, and each grave have hundreds of victims. Between 1909 and 1928 two more mass graves were investigated.
Later investigations have shown that one third of the Gothlandic army were children, old men and cripples.
While the farmers were dying, the citizens of Visby just watched helplessly from the ramparts. The southern gate is different
to the others since it has three openings, only one which is used by cars today (residents only in summer). It was outside
this gate that the Danish force invaded Visby after fighting a bloody battle which you can learn more about in the museum.
There are few proofs of what happened when king Valdemar Atterdag entered the city. It is said that Valdemar ordered that part of the wall to be
demolished, and then demanded the people of the city to rebuild this part, now with pinnacles. It's the only part of the entire city wall that just has pinnacles. In the past, it was the
rural people who had to build the wall, but the king allowed it to be an affront to the townspeople. In addition, he demanded precious privately owned and ecclesiastical silver as well as other
treasures from the city, it is ensured. Annually in August the residents and the tourists are celebrating "The Medieval Week".
People are probably dressed in a richer manner nowadays then what was the case during the Medieval Times. Musicians from all over Europe come to
Gotland during the event, clowns are jesting and the mayors (from both Sweden and Germany) show their power when thousands of people walk through the city.
This medieval festival has become a tradition, and 2021 will be the 38th year when people dress up in clothes that can inspire others
to join in the following years to learn their history. The photos show a lot of this.